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1. Which of the following is an example of Homology and similarity tool?

1. Which of the following is an example of Homology and similarity tool? (a) BLAST (b) RasMol (c) EMBOSS (d) PROSPECT Sol: (a) BLAST. 2. In which year did the SWISSPROT protein sequence database begin? (a) 1988 (b) 1985 (c) 1986 (d) 1987 Sol:  (d) 1987. 3.Which of the following scientists created the first Bioinformatics database? (a) Dayhoff (b) Pearson (c) Richard Durbin (d) Michael.J.Dunn Sol: (a) Dayhoff. 4. The human genome contains approximately__________. (a) 6 billion base pairs (b) 5 billion base pairs (c) 3 billion base pairs (d) 4 billion base pairs Sol:  (c) 3 billion base pairs. 5. Which of the following tools is used for the identification of motifs? (a) BLAST (b) COPIA (c) PROSPECT (d) Pattern hunter Sol:  (b) COPIA. 6. The first molecular biology server expasy was in the year __________. (a) 1992 (b) 1993 (c) 1994 (d) 1995 Sol:  (b) 1993. 7. What is the deposition of cDNA into the inert structure called? (a) DNA probes (b) DNA polymerase (c) DNA microarrays (d) DNA fingerprinting Sol:  (c) DNA microarrays. 8. The identification of drugs through the genomic study is called__________. (a) Genomics (b) Pharmacogenomics (c) Pharmacogenetics (d) Cheminformatics Sol:  (b) Pharmacogenomics. 9. Which of the following compounds has desirable properties to become a drug? (a) Fit drug (b) Lead (c) Fit compound (d) All of the above Sol: (b) Lead. 10. Proteomics refers to the study of __________. (a) Set of proteins in a specific region of the cell (b) Biomolecules (c) Set of proteins (d) The entire set of expressed proteins in the cell Sol:  (d) The entire set of expressed proteins in the cell. 11. The process of finding the relative location of genes on a chromosome is called __________. (a) Gene tracking (b) Genome walking (c) Genome mapping (d) Chromosome walking Sol: (c) Genome mapping. 12. The computational methodology that tries to find the best matching between two molecules, a receptor and ligand are called __________. (a) Molecular fitting (b) Molecular matching (c) Molecular docking (d) Molecule affinity checking Sol:  (c) Molecular docking. 13. Which of the following are not the application of bioinformatics? (a) Drug designing (b) Data storage and management (c) Understand the relationships between organisms (d) None of the above Sol:  (d) None of the above. 14. The term “invitro” is the Latin word which refers to__________. (a) Within the lab (b) Within the glass (c) Outside the lab (d) Outside the glass Sol:  (b) Within the glass. 15. The stepwise method for solving problems in computer science is called__________. (a) Flowchart (b) Algorithm (c) Procedure (d) Sequential design Sol: (b) Algorithm. 16. The term Bioinformatics was coined by __________. (a) J.D Watson (b) Pauline Hogeweg (c) Margaret Dayhoff (d) Frederic Sanger Sol:  (b) Pauline Hogeweg. 17. The laboratory work using computers and associated with web-based analysis generally online is referred to as __________. (a) In silico (b) Dry lab (c) Wet lab (d) All of the above Sol:  (c) In silico. 18. Which of the following is the first completed and published gene sequence? (a) ΦX174 (b) T4 phage (c) M13 phage (d) Lambda phage Sol:  (a) ΦX174. 19. The laboratory work using computers and computer-generated models generally offline is referred to as __________. (a) Insilico (b) Wet lab (c) Dry lab (d) All of the above Sol:  (c) Dry lab. 20. The computer simulation refers to __________. (a) Dry lab (b) Invitro (c) In silico (d) Wet lab Sol: (c) In silico.